Top 23 National Symbols of India - Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree

Top 23 National Symbols of India - Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree

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Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
National Symbols of India
This article is based on the national symbols of India. In this article I have discussed about 23 national symbols of India. Each of the symbols is discussed in detail. Due to detailed discussion, you will get to read interesting facts which will make both your mind and heart happy. We hope that by reading this article you will feel quite satisfied.

The national symbols of India reflect the image of the country and are chosen with great care and restraint. In this article, I have described the list of national symbols of India and their detailed information.

All the symbols that I have discussed in this article can be seen in the table of contents and by clicking on the table of contents, you can quickly access the list you want to read about.

This article will give an accurate answer to every question that arises in your mind. So I hope this article written by me will fascinate you.

National Sweet - Jalebi

How many national symbols do we have? : According to the National Portal of India i.e. knowindia.gov.in 7 symbols are specified which include: National Flag, National Anthem, National Song, State Emblem, National Bird, National Animal and National Flower.

National Father of India (The Nation)

Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
President Mahatma Gandhi was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. In 1893, he agitated against the policy of apartheid and apartheid on Indians and African black people.

Mahatma Gandhi, while adopting the policy of truth and non-violence against the British, contributed significantly in making India independent. The period of national movement from 1917-1947 is known as Gandhi era.

Also Read : My, Your and Our Ideal Person Mahatma Gandhi Best Brief Essay

Q. Who first addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of the Nation?
Subhash Chandra Bose - First, Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the Father of the Nation.

Q. Who first addressed Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as Mahatma?
Rabindranath Tagore - First, Rabindranath Tagore called Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi a Mahatma.

Q. Who first addressed Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as Bapu?
Jawaharlal Nehru - First, Jawaharlal Nehru called Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi a Bapu.

Q. Who first addressed Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as naked faquir (Naked Mystic)?
Winston Churchill - First, Winston Churchill called Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi a naked faquir (Naked Mystic).

National Flag of India

Tiranga (Tricolor)
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The Indian flag is known as the Tiranga (Tricolor). The Indian Constituent Assembly adopted it as the national flag tricolor on July 22, 1947. It was dedicated to the nation in the semi-night session of the Constituent Assembly on August 14, 1947. This tricolor flag has 3 horizontal stripes. The ratio of length and width of this flag is 3:2 ratio. There is a blue colored circle in the middle of this flag which is called Ashoka Chakra. There are a total of 24 sticks in this cycle. These sticks inspire the country to take the path of progress with righteousness and honesty.

Important Note : India officially has no national colours.

Also Read : Indian Literature Story Review

Know about the three colors of the Indian tricolor flag.
  1. Saffron Color (Top)- At the top is the deep saffron color, which appears to be courage and sacrifice. 
  2. White Color (Middle) : The white color in the middle seems to be truth and peace.
  3. Green Color (Bottom) : At the bottom is the green color which is considered to be a symbol of growth, fertility, faith and body.
It was first hoisted on 7 August 1906 at the Parsi Bagan crossroads of Kolkata, hoisting the tricolor flag with green, yellow and red stripes.

After independence, the tricolor flag was officially hoisted in Australia for the first time on foreign lands outside the country.

On March 29, 1953, the tricolor was hoisted on Mount Everest for the first time by Tensingh Narge and Sir Edmund Hillary.

In 1971, the national flag of India was first hoisted in space by the Apollo-15 salt spacecraft of America.

On April 21, 1996, Squadron Leader Sanjay Thapar hoisted the tricolor at the North Pole.

On April 5, 1984, India's first astronaut squadron leader Rakesh Sharma arrived in space by placing the tricolor as a badge on the space suit.

On 15 November 2008, India also hoisted its national flag on the moon. In this way, India has become the fourth country in the world to hoist the flag on the moon. Earlier, America, Russia and European Space Agency have also hoisted their flag on the moon.

On 26 January 2002, the Flag Code has been replaced by the Indian Flag Code 2002. According to its system, Indian citizens can now hoist flags in their private institutions, educational institutions on any day of the year in a dignified manner.

National Anthem of India

Jana Gana Mana
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The national anthem Jana Gana Mana was composed by Rabindranath Tagore originally in Bangla language. This national anthem was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 January 1950.

This anthem was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress on 24 December 1911. This anthem was first published in 1912 in the magazine Tatvabodhini name under the title Vidhata.

There are 13 lines in the national anthem, which takes 52 seconds to sing.

Rabindranath Tagore translated the national anthem into English in 1919 under the title Morning Song of India.

The Hindi and Urdu translation was done by Abid Ali, the Captain of Azad Hind Fauj. Captain Ram Singh Thakur provided the musical anthem to the national anthem.

Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore composed the national anthem of Bangladesh Amar Sonar Bangla.

Jana Gana Mana Lyrics in Hindi (Devanagari Script)
जन-गण-मन अधिनायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
पंजाब-सिन्ध-गुजरात-मराठा,
द्रविड-उत्कल-बङ्ग
विंध्य[i] हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग
तब[j] शुभ नामे जागे,
तब[j] शुभ आशिष मांगे
गाहे तब[j] जय गाथा।
जन-गण-मंगलदायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
जय हे! जय हे! जय हे!
जय जय जय जय हे!

Jana Gana Mana Lyrics in Hinglish (Hinglish Script)
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata
Panjaba-Sindh-Gujarata-Maratha
Dravida-Utkala-Banga
Vindhya-Himachala-Yamuna-Ganga
uchchala-jaladhi-taranga
Tava Subha name jage,
tava subha asisa mage,
gahe tava jaya-gatha.
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Bharata-bhagya-vidhata.
Jaya he, Jaya he, Jaya he,
jaya jaya jaya jaya he.

Jana Gana Mana Lyrics in Bengali (Bengali Script)
জনগণমন-অধিনায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
পঞ্জাব সিন্ধু গুজরাট মরাঠা দ্রাবিড় উৎকল বঙ্গ
বিন্ধ্য হিমাচল যমুনা গঙ্গা উচ্ছলজলধিতরঙ্গ
তব শুভ নামে জাগে, তব শুভ আশিষ মাগে,
গাহে তব জয়গাথা।
জনগণমঙ্গলদায়ক জয় হে ভারতভাগ্যবিধাতা!
জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় হে, জয় জয় জয় জয় হে॥

Jana Gana Mana Lyrics in English (Latin Script)
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha
and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of Vindhya and the
Himalayas,
Mingles in the music of Ganga and Yamuna
and is chanted by
The waves of the Indian sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.

National Song of India

Vande Mataram
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The national song 'Vande Mataram', composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1874, was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on January 24, 1950. The song Bande Mataram was in Bengali language.

Bankim Chandra Chatterjee composed this song in his novel Anand Math in 1882, which is similar to Jana Gana Mana.

In modern times this national song Bande Mataram of India is known in Sanskrit language. This national song was sung for the first time in Sanskrit at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress in 1896.

Bande Mataram which is the national song of India takes a total of 1 minute and 5 seconds to sing. The tune of this national song has been composed by Panna Lal.

The English translation of Bande Mataram was first done by Arvind Ghosh, while Urdu translation was done by Arif Mohammad Khan.

The first person to sing the song Bande Mataram in 1927 while hanging on the noose was Ashfaq Ullah Khan.

In 1949, Master Krishna Rao composed the tune to play the national anthem, under whose direction Master Ganpat Singh had played it for the first time.

Bande Mataram Lyrics in English (Latin Script)
Mother, I praise thee!
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
bright with orchard gleams,
Cool with thy winds of delight,
Dark fields waving Mother of might,
Mother free.

Glory of moonlight dreams,
Over thy branches and lordly streams,
Clad in thy blossoming trees,
Mother, giver of ease
Laughing low and sweet!
Mother I kiss thy feet,
Speaker sweet and low!
Mother, to thee I praise thee. [Verse 1]

Who hath said thou art weak in thy lands
When the swords flash out in seventy million hands
And seventy million voices roar
Thy dreadful name from shore to shore?
With many strengths who art mighty and stored,
To thee I call Mother and Lord!
Thou who savest, arise and save!
To her I cry who ever her foeman drove
Back from plain and Sea
And shook herself free. [Verse 2]

Thou art wisdom, thou art law,
Thou art heart, our soul, our breath
Thou art love divine, the awe
In our hearts that conquers death.
Thine the strength that nerves the arm,
Thine the beauty, thine the charm.
Every image made divine
In our temples is but thine. [Verse 3]

Thou art Durga, Lady and Queen,
With her hands that strike and her swords of sheen,
Thou art Lakshmi lotus-throned,
And the Muse a hundred-toned,
Pure and perfect without peer,
Mother lend thine ear,
Rich with thy hurrying streams,
Bright with thy orchard gleems,
Dark of hue O candid-fair [Verse 4]

In thy soul, with bejeweled hair
And thy glorious smile divine,
Loveliest of all earthly lands,
Showering wealth from well-stored hands!
Mother, mother mine!
Mother sweet, I praise thee,
Mother great and free! [Verse 5]

Bande Mataram Lyrics in Sanskrit (Devanagari Script)
वन्दे मातरम्
सुजलां सुफलाम्
मलयजशीतलाम्
शस्यश्यामलाम्
मातरम्।

शुभ्रज्योत्स्नापुलकितयामिनीम्
फुल्लकुसुमितद्रुमदलशोभिनीम्
सुहासिनीं सुमधुर भाषिणीम्
सुखदां वरदां मातरम्।।

सप्त-कोटि-कण्ठ-कल-कल-निनाद-कराले
द्विसप्त-कोटि-भुजैर्धृत-खरकरवाले,
अबला केन मा एत बॅले
बहुबलधारिणीं
नमामि तारिणीं
रिपुदलवारिणीं
मातरम्।।

तुमि विद्या, तुमि धर्म
तुमि हृदि, तुमि मर्म
त्वम् हि प्राणा: शरीरे
बाहुते तुमि मा शक्ति,
हृदये तुमि मा भक्ति,
तोमारई प्रतिमा गडी मन्दिरे-मन्दिरे।।

त्वम् हि दुर्गा दशप्रहरणधारिणी
कमला कमलदलविहारिणी
वाणी विद्यादायिनी,
नमामि त्वाम्
नमामि कमलाम्
अमलां अतुलाम्
सुजलां सुफलाम्
मातरम्।।

वन्दे मातरम्
श्यामलाम् सरलाम्
सुस्मिताम् भूषिताम्
धरणीं भरणीं
मातरम्।।

Vande Mataram Lyrics in Bengali (Bengali Script)
বন্দে মাতরম্ ৷
সুজলাং সুফলাং
মলয়জশীতলাম্
শস্যশ্যামলাং
মাতরম্ !

শুভ্র-জ্যোত্স্না-পুলকিত-যামিনীম্
ফুল্লকুসুমিত-দ্রুমদলশোভিনীম্,
সুহাসিনীং সুমধুরভাষিণীম্
সুখদাং বরদাং মাতরম্ ৷৷

সপ্তকোটীকন্ঠ-কল-কল-নিনাদকরালে,
দ্বিসপ্তকোটীভুজৈধৃতখরকরবালে,
অবলা কেন মা এত বলে !
বহুবলধারিণীং
নমামি তরিণীং
রিপুদলবারিণীং
মাতরম্ ৷

তুমি বিদ্যা তুমি ধর্ম্ম
তুমি হৃদি তুমি মর্ম্ম
ত্বং হি প্রাণাঃ শরীরে ৷
বাহুতে তুমি মা শক্তি,
হৃদয়ে তুমি মা ভক্তি,
তোমারই প্রতিমা গড়ি মন্দিরে মন্দিরে ৷

ত্বং হি দুর্গা দশপ্রহরণধারিণী
কমলা কমল-দলবিহারিণী
বাণী বিদ্যাদায়িণী
নমামি ত্বাং
নমামি কমলাম্
অমলাং অতুলাম্,
সুজলাং সুফলাং
মাতরম্

বন্দে মাতরম্
শ্যামলাং সরলাং
সুস্মিতাং ভূষিতাম্
ধরণীং ভরণীম্

Vande Mataram Lyrics in Hinglish (Latin Script)
Vande maataram
Sujalam suphalam
malayajasheetalam
Shasyashyamalam
maataram

Shubhra jyotsna pulakitayaaminim
Phulla kusumita drumadalashobhinim
Suhaasinim sumadhura bhaashhinim
Sukhadaam varadaam maataram
Vande maataram

Sapta-koti-kantha-kala-kala-ninaada-karaale
Dwisapta-koti-bhujaedhrita-kharakarvaale
Abalaa kena maa eta bale
Bahubalaadhaarinim
namaami taarinim
Ripudalavaarinim
maataram

Tumi vidyaa, tumi dharma
tumi hridi, tumi marma
twam hi praanaah shareere
baahute tumi maa shakti,
hridaye tumi maa bhaqti,
tomaaraee pratimaa gadi mandire-mandire

Tvam hi durga dashapraharanadhaarini
Kamala kamaladalavihaarini
Vaani vidyaadaayini,
namaami tvam
Namaami kamalaam
amalaam atulaam
Sujalam suphalam
maataram

Vande mataram
Shyamalam saralaam
susmitaam bhooshitaam
Dharanim bharanim
maataram, 
vande maataram
Vande maataram
Jana Gana Mana & Vande Mataram Lines Source : From Wikipedia

National Emblem of India

Ashoka Pillar or Lion Capital
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
On 26 January 1950, the Government of India accepted the Ashoka Pillar as a national emblem. Ashoka's pillar is located in Sarnath.

The animals depicted in the national emblem Ashoka Chakra (Circle)
A bandage is given below the Ashoka Pillar. There is Ashoka Chakra (Circle) in the middle of the strip. Ashoka is the bull on the right side of the cycle and the horse is on the left side of the Ashoka cycle.

Satyameva Jayate is written on the base of the strip, which is taken from Mundakopanishad.

Horse : Indomitable is a symbol of strength, hard work and mobility.
Lion : It is a symbol of courage, bravery and fearlessness.
Bull : It is a symbol of India's agricultural economy.

National Sentence of India

Satyamev Jayate

Satyamev Jayate Means

Satyameva Jayate means Victory Of Truth.

National Animal of India

Royal Bengal Tiger (Panther Tigris Linnaeus)
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The national animal of India is the tiger (Panther Tigris Linnaeus), which is an animal with yellow color and striped fox. Out of its 04 species, the species found in India has been chosen as Royal Bengal Tiger. It has got the distinction of being called a national animal due to its decency, perseverance, agility and immense power. In 1972, the tiger was declared a national animal.

In view of the declining tiger population in the country, the tiger project was started by the Government of India on 01 April 1943.

The ruler of Mysore, Tipu Sultan, was also known as Sher-e-Mysore, during which the tiger was adopted as his symbol.

You should know that till 1949 the lion was the national animal of India. The lion is found only in the state of Gujarat in India, so the status of the national animal was withdrawn from the lion.

Tiger is also declared as the national animal of Bangladesh. The tiger figure is inscribed on the notes of Bangladesh country.

Q. Who is Sher-E-Mysore?
Tipu Sultan

Q. Sher-E-Mysore Means?
Sher-E-Mysore means Victory of Mysore.

National Bird of India

Peacock or Peafowl
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
In 1973, the peacock (Pavo cristatus) was declared a national bird by the Indian government. This colorful color of a peacock has elongated neck, white markings under the eye and wing-shaped crest on the head.

Female peacock is brown in color. Male peacock is more beautiful than female peacock. The male peacock spreads its wings and produces a very attractive scene from the dance.

It has full protection under the Indian Forestry System (Protection) Act, 1972.

Alexander was impressed by the beauty of the great peacock and took it with him as a sign of victory for India.

Before India, Myanmar (Burma) has also declared peacock as a national bird.

After recognizing the peacock as a national bird in 1973, killing it was declared a legal offense.

According to Indian mythology, peacock is the vehicle of Lord Kartikeya.

National Flower of India

Lotus
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The national flower of India is the lotus (Nelumbo nucifera garten). It has an important place in ancient Indian art and Puran. Since ancient times, it is considered to be a sought-after symbol of Indian culture.

Its details are found in Vishnu Purana and Padma Purana. Brahma, Saraswati, Lakshmi, the position of these deities is in the lotus.

Lotus flower is the national flower of 4 countries. - India, Vietnam, Macau, Egypt

Lotus is the state flower of three states in India. - Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka.

National Tree of India

Banyan Tree
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The national tree of India is the banyan (Ficus benghalensis). It is a multi-year large dense and spreading tree. It is also a sacred Hindu tree. Its branches are spread over several acres of land.

The period from January to March is the period of the flowering of Banyan flowers. No other tree is as deep as a banyan. This produces milk-like juice, called latex. It releases oxygen at night.

National Fruit of India

Mango
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The national fruit of India is mango (Manigifera indica). In India, it is grown at almost all sites except the common mountainous regions. Many varieties of mangoes are found in India. Mangoes are found in plenty of vitamins A, B and C.

Mango is considered the king of fruits in India.

In the Vedas mango is considered a symbol of luxury.

Mango is also considered a national fruit in Pakistan and the Philippines. Mango tree is the national tree of Bangladesh.

Four thousand years ago, mango tree gardening started in India for the first time.

National Sport of India

Hockey
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
Hockey is India's national game. It consists of 2 teams of 11–11 players participating in the game. The white ball used in hockey weighs 155 grams and the hockey stick is 91 cm long. The birthday of Major Dhyanchand, popular as a hockey wizard, is celebrated on 29 August as National Sports Day.

Major Dhyanchand was born on 29 August 1905 in Allahabad. India has won gold medals in Olympic hockey 8 times. India won the first gold medal by defeating the Netherlands 3–0 at the 1928 Ekstam Olympics. It was followed by six consecutive gold medals by 1956. This was followed by two gold medals in 1964 and 1980.

Hockey India unveiled a new logo on 23 July 2009 which is inspired by the Ashoka Chakra of the national flag. It has 24 hockey sticks adorned as wheels.

National River of India

The Ganga River

The Government of India has declared Ganga as a national river on 4 November 2008. This river originates from a place called Gomukh of Gangotri glacier. Its total length is about 2525 km. Its tributaries are Yamuna, Son, Tons, Punpun, Gomti, Ghaghra, Gandak, Kosi and Mahananda.

The Ganges enters Bangladesh through five states and falls into the Bay of Bengal in the last. The National Ganga Basin Authority was formed in 2009 to protect the Ganges River from pollution.

National Aquatic Animal of India

Dolphin
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
On 5 October 2009, the Ministry of Forests and Environment, Government of India declared the dolphin scientist named Plata Nista Gangetica as a national aquatic animal. To increase the number of dolphins in the Ganges, the Central Government has also considered Project Dolphin as important as Project Tiger.

Dolphins are found in only 4 regions of the world's fresh water. In addition to the Ganges and Chambal rivers in India, Pakistan has flourished in the Indus River, in China in the Yangtze River, and in the Amazon River in Brazil, species of dolphin are found in the name of BOTO. It is also known as Tiger of Ganga.

Dolphins found in the Ganges are blind and do not have lenses in their eyes. The female is longer than the male. Dolphin is also mentioned in Mahabharata.

National Currency Symbol of India

Indian Rupee Sign
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
The new symbol has been created by adding the R of Devanagari script on 15 July 2010 to determine the separate identity of the Indian rupee. Indian currency is the fifth such currency in the world which has its own distinguishing mark, the former US dollar, British pound, Japanese yen and European euro have their own distinct identity.

Post graduate Uday Kumar of Mumbai IIT has designed this Indian national currency. This symbol of national currency is created by mixing the letters of Devanagari Script R and the letter R of Roman. A line is drawn between the letter R of Devanagari which represents the tricolor. It also means equality.

National War Memorial of India

India Gate
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
India Gate is the national monument of India. It is included in the country's largest war memorials. India Gate is located in the capital of the country, Delhi. It was built in 1913 to commemorate the 90,000 soldiers who fought on behalf of the British Army in World War I and the Afghan War.

On 10 February 1912, the Duke of Connaught laid the foundation of the All India War Memorial i.e. India Gate.

India Gate was designed by Edwin Lutyens.

Earlier India Gate was called All India War Memorial.

Another memorial, Amar Jawan Jyoti, was added under the India Gate arch on 26 January 1972 as a tribute to the nation of Indian soldiers killed in the Indo-Pak war of December 1971.

National Heritage Animals of India

Elephant
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
On 21 October 2010, the Indian government declared the Asian elephant a national heritage animal. The Government started Project Elephant in February 1992 to conserve elephants living in forested areas.

Evidence of elephants is found on the seals of the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic gods used an elephant named Indra Rawat as their vehicle.

The election symbol of Republican Party of America and Bahujan Samaj Party of India is haathi.

The death of Ashwatthama elephant mentioned in the Mahabharata was the decisive event of the war.

Elephant is declared as the state animal of 4 states in India. Kerala, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Odisha

Official Language of India

Hindi - This is not national language.
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal

What is the National Language of India

Hindi is the official language of India and not the national language. The national language of India is not Hindi. None of the languages ​​of India is national.

According to Article 343 (1) of the Indian Constitution, Hindi written in Devanagari script is the official language of India. It has also been clarified in the constitution that English can also be used for official work with it.

The First Official Language Commission of India was established in 1955 under the chairmanship of BG Kher. The first 14 languages ​​were included in the Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution, but now 22 languages ​​are included.

Hindi, Malayalam, Bengali, Assamese, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Gujarati, Kashmiri, Urdu, Kannada, Konkani, Manipuri, Nepali, Dogri, Sandali, Maithili.

Language related provisions in Indian constitution

Article 343 : The capital of the Union will be Hindi and the script Devanagari. The form of digits will be the international form of Indian numerals.

Article 344 : Commission in respect of Official Language (by President after 5 years) and Committee of Parliament (after 10 years).

Article 345 : Official language and state languages ​​of the state.

Article 346 : Official language for communication between one state and another state.

Article 347 : Special provision with respect to the language spoken by a section of the population of a state.

Article 348 : Language used for legislators, act in Supreme Court and High Court and in Parliament and State Legislature.

Article 349 : Special procedure for enacting laws relating to language.

Article 350 (a) : Facilities for education in mother tongue at primary level for language minority classes.

Article 350 (b) : Appointment of special officer for languages ​​minorities by the President.

Article 351 : Directive for the development of Hindi will be the duty of the Union to increase the spread of Hindi language.

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National Vegetable of India

Pumpkin
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
Pumpkin or Meetha Kaddu is an integral part of Indian food. Kaddu, Also called Indian Pumpkin is The Most Popular And Consider As A National Vegetable in India.

National Calendar of India

Saka Samvat
The National Almanac was adopted on 22 March 1957 for the purpose of government work.

Q. What is the first month of Hindu Calendar or Indian National Calendar?
Ans - Chaitra

Q. What is the last month of Hindu Calendar or Indian National Calendar?
Ans - Falgun

Q. When does Chaitra month start in the Indian national calendar?
Ans - 22 March

Q. Who was the Creator of The Indian National Calendar or Almanac?
Ans - Kanishka
The Saka Samvat started in 78 AD, which was started by Kanishka, the ruler of the Kushan dynasty.

Q. How many months are there in the Indian National Almanac or Calendar?
Ans - The National Almanac consists of 12 months respectively.

Name of the 12 months of the national Almanac or Calendar



Sl.

No.
Month
Length
Start date (Gregorian)
1.
Chaitra
30/31
March 22*
2.
Vaisakha
31
April 21
3.
Jyaistha
31
May 22
4.
Asadha
31
June 22
5.
Sravana
31
July 23
6.
Bhadra
31
August 23
7.
Asvina
30
September 23
8.
Kartika
30
October 23
9.
Margashirsh (Agrahayana)
30
November 22
10.
Pausa
30
December 22
11.
Magha
30
January 21
12.
Phalguna
30
February 20

National Reptile or Snake of India

Indian Cobra or Ophiophagus Hannah
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal
Indian King cobra is the national reptile of India. It is considered a sacred animal in Indian culture. They are found in almost every part of the Indian subcontinent.

National Microbe of India

Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (until 2014 known as Lactobacillus bulgaricus) is one of over 200 published species in the Lactobacillus genome complex (LGC) and is the main bacterium used for the production of yogurt. It also plays a crucial role in the ripening of some cheeses, as well as in other processes involving naturally fermented products. It is defined as homofermentive lactic acid bacteria due to the way it feeds on the milk sugar lactose to produce lactic acid, which helps preserve milk. It is also considered a probiotic.....Read More [Source : from Wikipedia]

National Pledge of India

Oath of allegiance
Top 23 National Symbols of India. Like Emblem, Bird, Fruit, Tree, Animal

Indian National Pledge in English Language
India is my country and all Indians are my Brothers and Sisters.
I love my country and I am proud of its rich and varied heritage.
I shall always strive to be worthy of it.
I shall give my parents, teachers and all the elders respect, and treat everyone with courtesy.
To my country and my people, I pledge my devotion.
In their well being and prosperity alone, lies my happiness.

Indian National Pledge in Hindi Language
भारत हमारा देश है. हम सब भारतवासी भाई-बहन है. हमे अपना देश प्राणों से भी प्यारा है. इसकी समृद्ध और विविध संस्कृति पर मुझे गर्व है. हम इसके सुयोग्य अधिकारी बनने का प्रयत्न सदा करते रहेंगे.
हम अपने माता पिता, शिक्षको और गुरुजनो का आदर करेंगे और सबके साथ शिष्टता का व्यवहार करेंगे.
हम अपने देश और देशवाशियों के प्रति वफादार रहने की प्रतिज्ञा करते हैं. उनके कल्याण एवं समृद्धि में ही हमारा सुख निहित है. जय हिन्द!!

Indian National Pledge in Sanskrit Language
भारतं मम देशोऽयं भारतीयाश्च बान्धवाः।
परानुरक्तिरस्मिन्‌ मे देशेऽस्ति मम सर्वदा ॥ १॥
समृद्धा विविधाश्चास्य या देशस्य परम्पराः।
सन्ति ताः प्रति मे नित्यमभिमानोन्नतं शिरः ॥ २॥
प्रयतिष्ये सदा चाहमासादयितुमर्हताम्‌ ।
येन तासां भविष्यामि श्रद्धायुक्तः पदानुगः ॥ ३॥
संमानयेयं पितरौ वयोज्येष्ठान्‌ गुरूंस्तथा।
सौजन्येनैव वर्तेय तथा सर्वैरहं सदा ॥ ४॥
स्वकीयेन हि देशेन स्वदेशीयैश्च बान्धवैः।
एकान्तनिष्ठमाचारं प्रतिजाने हि सर्वथा ॥ ५॥
एतेषामेव कल्याणे समुत्कर्षे तथैव च ।
नूनं विनिहितं सर्वं सौख्यमात्यन्तिकं मम ॥६॥

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