Mahatma Gandhi Essay | English | 1000 Words | Student

Mahatma Gandhi Essay | English | 1000 Words | Student

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1000+ Words Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Essay On Mahatma Gandhi in English in 1000 Words-
Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader and 'Father of the Nation' of the Indian National Movement against British rule. His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat.

His father's name was Karamchand Gandhi. Mohandas's mother's name was Putlibai, who was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhiji. Mohandas was the last child of his father's fourth wife.

Important Points/Facts About Mahatma Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Jee (Bapu)
  1. Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
  2. Date Of Birth: 2nd October, 1869
  3. Place Of Birth: Porbandar District (Kathiawar, Gujarat)
  4. Date Of Death: 30 January, 1948 (At the age of 78)
  5. Father's Name: Karamchand Gandhi
  6. Mother's Name: Putlibai
  7. Wedding Date: 1883, Kasturba Gandhi (Note: Kasturba Gandhi was 4 months older than Mahatma Gandhi)
  8. Name Of The Four Sons Of Mahatma Gandhi: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas
  9. Political Master: Gopal Krishna Gokhle
  10. Major Pupil: Meera Ben (Note: England-born Meera Ben's real name was Madeleine Slade. The name Meera Ben is the name given by Gandhiji)

Gandhiji And His Family
Gandhi's mother Putlibai was highly religious. His routine was divided at home and temple. She used to fast regularly and did day and night service to someone in the family when she fell ill.

Mohandas was brought up in the Ramay family in the Vaishnavism and Jainism had a strong influence on him with tough policies. Whose main principle is to believe in non-violence and all things in the world as eternal.

Thus, they naturally adopted non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification and mutual tolerance among those who follow different creeds.

Gandhiji As A Student
Mohandas was an average student, although he occasionally won awards and scholarships. He was not sharp both in studies and sports.

He loved serving the ailing father, sharing the mother's hand in household chores, and going on long walks alone when he got time. In his words, he 'learned to obey the elders' command, not to take meek.

His adolescence was no more bustling than most children in his age group. After every such ignorance, he would promise himself, "I will never do this again" and would remain firm on his promise.

He adopted mythological Hindu heroes like Prahlad and Harishchandra as living ideals, symbols of truth and sacrifice.

Gandhiji was married at the age of 13 when he attended school. He was married to Kasturba, daughter of a merchant from Porbandar.

Gandhiji In His Young Age
In 1887, Mohandas somehow passed the matriculation examination of 'Bombay University' and enrolled in 'Samaldas College' at Bhavnagar. Suddenly, going from Gujarati to English language, he started having some difficulty in understanding the lectures. Meanwhile, there was a discussion about his future in his family.

If the decision was left to Gandhiji, he wanted to become a doctor. But there was no permission for tearing in the Vaishnava family.

It was also clear that if he had to follow the family tradition of attaining a high position in a royal family of Gujarat, he would have to become a barrister and Gandhiji would have to go to England.

Even in this way, Gandhi's mind did not seem to have anything special in his 'Samaldas College', so he readily accepted this proposal.

In his young mind, England had the image of 'the land of philosophers and poets, the center of a whole civilization'.

In September 1888 he reached London. 10 days after arriving there, he entered an 'inner temple' in one of the four law colleges in London.

In 1906, the Tanswal government issued a particularly derogatory ordinance for the registration of the Indian public of South Africa.

The Indians organized a protest public meeting under the leadership of Gandhi in Johannesburg in September 1906 and took an oath to violate the ordinance and punish it as a result.

Thus, Satyagraha was born as a new technique, with the technique of fighting uncontrollably and fighting without violence, instead of withstanding pain.

Subsequently, the conflict lasted for more than seven years in South Africa. There were ups and downs, but the small community of Indian minorities under Gandhi's leadership continued to struggle against their powerful opponents.

Hundreds of Indians preferred to sacrifice their livelihood and freedom instead of succumbing to this law.

When Gandhi Returned To India
Gandhi returned to India in 1914. When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa, the Indian people were very happy. The countrymen gave him a grand welcome and started calling him Mahatma.

He spent the next four years studying the Indian situation and preparing those who could join him in removing the social and political evils prevalent in India through Satyagraha.

In February 1919, on the British made Rowlatt Act law, under which there was a provision to send any person to jail without trial, they opposed the British.

Then Gandhiji announced the Satyagraha movement. As a result, there was a political earthquake that rocked the entire subcontinent in the spring of 1919.

Inspired by this success, Mahatma Gandhi continued his opposition to satyagraha and non-violence in other campaigns for Indian independence, such as the 'Non-Cooperation Movement', 'Civil Disobedience Movement', 'Dandi Yatra' and 'Quit India Movement'. All these efforts of Gandhiji gave India independence on 15 August 1947.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement.

He gained international fame for his non-violent protest theory for achieving political and social progress. Mahatma Gandhi is not just a name on the world stage but a symbol of peace and non-violence.

Even before Mahatma Gandhi, people knew about peace and non-violence, but the way he forced the British to leave India on the path of Satyagraha, peace and non-violence, there is no other example in world history.

That is why the United Nations has also announced to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti as 'World Non-Violence Day' since the year 2007.

Regarding Gandhi ji, the eminent scientist Einstein had said that - 'Breeds that come after thousands of years will hardly believe that any such person made of bone and flesh ever came to earth.

Mahatma Gandhi (Great Soul) used to say that no work can be done with violence because victory or success is never found in violence.

Mahatma Gandhi fought for a long time for the freedom struggle, his fight was against the British or, say, against the ideology of the British. Their fight was incredible.

Some interesting things about Mahatma Gandhi

Q.1 Where was Bapu i.e. Mahatma Gandhi at the time of independence, 15 August 1947?
A.1 On 15 August 1947, that is, when the country was being partitioned, Mahatma Gandhi is busy in making a treaty of communal leaders in Noakhali in West Bengal.

Q.2 Nathuram Godse killed (Shot Dead) Mahatma Gandhi with which pistol?
A.2 Bergatta Pistol - While Mahatma Gandhi was going to a prayer meeting in Birla temple on Friday, 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi at 5:17 pm.

The weapon used in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi was a 9 millimeter automatic Italy-made Bergatta gun with serial number 606 824 and built in 1934 AD.

This gun was given to Nathuram Godse by Gangadhar Dandavate, which he bought from Jagdish Prasad Goyal. An FIR was lodged at Tughlaq Road Police Station in Delhi after the incident.

Major titles of Mahatma Gandhi

Father of the nation
Subhash Chandra Bose - On 4 August 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose said in a broadcast from Rangoon Radio in an emotional appeal - "Father of the nation we wish your blessings and best wishes in this holy liberation war".

C.F. Andrews And Jawaharlal Nehru - Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru used to call Mahatma Gandhi ji as Bapu in a spirit of love.

Malang Baba
By Kabayliyon - Kabali addressed Malang Baba during the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.

One Man Boundary Force
Lord Mountbatten - Giving the title, Lord Mountbatten said that Mahatma Gandhi alone did the work which 50,000 armed soldiers could not do.

Sergeant Major Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
At The Time Of The First World War - The title was given to encourage people to join the army to fight on behalf of the English government.

Half Naked Fakir
Winston Churchill - During his stay in England for the Second Round Table Conference, right-wing leader Winston Churchill first addressed Gandhiji to Half Naked Fakir.

Saint Of Sevagram
By Ashram Guests - Guests were addressed by Gandhi at the ashram when he was impressed by the spirit of service.

Bhangi Shiromani
During The Migration To South Africa

Porter barrister
By The British Magistrate Of South Africa - He was called a coolie barrister by British magistrates and lawyers from South Africa.

By South African colleagues - This title was addressed to him during his stay in South Africa.

Beggar king
By Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya - Gandhiji was addressed by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya as King of Beggars.

Two Mahatma
Sarojini Naidu - During the Gandhi Irwin Pact, Sarojini Naidu called both of them as two Mahatmas.

At The Time Of The First World War - He was conferred the title of Kaiser-e-Hind on 9 January 1915 to commemorate the aid of the British government during the First World War.

Traitorous fakir
Winston Churchill - Criticizing the British government, Winston Churchill called Mahatma Gandhi a traitor fakir.

FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi

Q.1 When was the Akhil Bhartiya Khadi Board established?
A.1 1923

Q.2 When did Mahatma Gandhi go to England to study law?
A.2 In 1888, From Mumbai

Q.3 When did Gandhiji get a law degree?
A.3 In 1891

Q.4 When did Gandhiji go to South Africa for the trial of Abdullah?
A.4 In 1893

Q.5 When was Natal Congress established in South Africa by Mahatma Gandhi?
A.5 In 1894

Q.6 When was the title of Kaiser-e-Hind given to Gandhiji?
A.6 9 January, 1915

Q.7 When was Phoenix established in the Durban?
A.7 In 1904

Q.8 When was Satyagraha first used?
A.8 In 1906 (In South Africa)

Q.9 When did Gandhiji go to jail for the first time?
A.9 In 1908

Q.10 When was the Tolstoy Form established?
A.10 In 30 May, 1910 (Johannesburg, South Africa)

Q.11 When did Mahatma Gandhi come to India from South Africa?
A.11 In 9 January, 1915 ( SS at Mumbai's Apollo port Sudiv got off the ship)

Q.12 When was Sabarmati Ashram established?
A.12 In 17 June, 1917

Q.13 When did Gandhiji chair the Congress session?
A.13 In 1924 (Belgaum, Karnataka)

Q.14 How many years did Mahatma Gandhi spend in South Africa?
A.14 Twenty Year

Q.15 Autobiography of Gandhiji?
A.15 My experiment with truth (1925)

Q.16 Couple theory of Ram Rajya?
A.16 Truth and non-violence

Our Ideal Person Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English in 1000 Words
Father of Nation : Mahatma Gandhi

    Essay on Our Ideal Person Mahatma Gandhi in 1000 words in English
    ➽ My ideal person is Mahatma Gandhi. I consider him as the incarnation. He left all his personal comfort for the universal relief. He was the son of the Prime-Minister of Porbandar.

    He had no scarcity of wealth. He was himself a barrister. it was not possible for a common man to go to England to study law.

    He got everything in sufficient quantity. Still he spent a simple life since his childhood.

    He was truthful and a man of character while he was at school. He never tried to take undue advantage of any opportunity.

    An incident happened at his school stage. Once an inspector of school visited his school. He asked the students of Gandhijee's class to spell the word kettle.

    Gandhijee wrote wrong spelling. His teacher hinted him to copy from the student sitting beside him. But he did not do so.

    In England, under the influence of his English friends, he began to eat non-vegetarian food and drink wine.

    He also began to participate in the dance etc. But he realized his mistake soon and left all these things.

    He thought to confess all these things before his elder brother and parents.

    (You Are Reading : Brief Essay on My, Your and Our Ideal Person Mahatma Gandhi)

    He wrote everything to them. He also tried for his self purgation by self-cooking and going on foot to the college. After completing his education of law he came back to India.

    He started his practice here. He went to South Africa in connection with a case. he saw the worst condition of the people of South Africa.

    The white people treated them like animals. Gandhijee started a movement against the white people. His movement was successful.

    The fundamental rights were granted to the people of South Africa. By that time the glory of Mahatma Gandhi had been propagated even in India. The freedom fighters were waiting for Mahatma Gandhi.

    When Mahatma Gandhi came to India he joined the freedom movement. But his movement was not based on violence. He adopted the principle of truth, non-violence and Satyagraha.

    They were the weapons of Mahatma Gandhi. He strictly followed his principles. He never compromised with his principle.

    Finally the weapon of truth, non-violence and Satyagraha was proved more powerful than the life taking weapons like bomb, tank, gun etc.

    He succeeded in his mission. India achieved independence under his leadership. After independence also he did not accept any post in government.

    Important Point :

    • "We call Mahatma Gandhi affectionately Bapu because he used to think deeply about all the citizens of the nation. But what Trump said about Modi in Houston City of the United States is not true at all. These things are an attempt to change history. But history cannot be changed. Actually, Trump called Modi as 'Father of India', which is a controversial thing. I think Trump would not know about Indian history when he said so." 
    • Mahatma Gandhi is not formally called Bapu(father of nation). This is why politicians try to take advantage of it. But sometimes they forget that India is a democracy country.

    ➽ Mahatma Gandhi never enjoyed the luxurious life. He was a Mahatma in real sense. He lived in Ashram, a place of minimum facilities.

    He wore the clothes to cover only the part of the body which could not be left naked. He ate very simple vegetarian food.

    He led the life of a naked faquir (Naked Mystic). He had nothing to do with the power, post and wealth. He had to liberate the country from slavery.

    So he did it. He tamed a goat. He also drank the milk of the goat. He did his work by himself.

    He never believed in dictating the others for any work. He, himself, began the work. He got up early in the morning. He led the life of a hermit.

    ➽ Mahatma Gandhi's original name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He earned the name of mahatma by his selfless and dedicated service for humanity.

    He was not for a country or for a confined mission. He was for the whole world. He distributed the message of love and brotherhood in the whole world.

    Our country called him Bapu, the father of nation. Mahatma Gandhi was the prophet of peace.

    He also gave the message of national integrity and against the untouchability. He also wrote several books to propagate his message.

    He also instructed the students to build their character and to adopt the character of brahmachari.

    The students are the future citizens of India. The responsibility of the country will be on their shoulder in the future.

    ➽ I have not heard or seen such a personality as Mahatma Gandhi. He was not mere a saint. He was wholly involved in the world.

    He always wanted and did the welfare of the world and humanity. He proved that the power of truth, honesty, non-violence and good character is greater than any explosive power of the world.

    I am very much influenced by Mahatma Gandhi. So, I want to adopt all the characters of Mahatma in my life. He is my ideal. I like him most.

    Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 300 Plus Words in English Language
    Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 300 Plus Words in English Language
    Satyagraha Leader of India : Mahatma Gandhi

    ➤ Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is one of the greatest figures of world history. We lovingly and reverently call him the Father of the Indian nation.

    His birthplace was Gujarat. His father sent him to England after he had matriculated.

    He returned from England as a barrister. After a brief legal practice in India, he went to South Africa to plead a legal case.

    ➤ In South Africa he found Indians suffering from many disabilities. He patriotic feelings were hurt and aroused by the ill treatment accorded to Indians in South Africa.

    He had been inspired by the Writings of Thoreau and Tolstoy. He had learnt from them the doctrine of civil disobedience and passive resistance.

    On these principles he waged a peaceful campaign against the South African government. He was put in jail. Some time after his release he came to India.

    He had faith in British justice. It took him some time to realize that British justice came into play after organised resistance to British rule.

    His life was a crowded one. In a brief essay full justice cannot be done to such a life. He was shocked and horrified by the massacre of Jalianwala Bagh.

    He started the Non-cooperation Movement in 1920, which shook India from end to end. His work in India attracted world wide attention.

    The leadership of the Indian National Congress passed into his hands. A silent revolution took place in the mental, moral and political life of India.

    Many top-ranking Indians, and even the masses, joined his movement. Indian political life came to have mass contact under his leadership.

    The guiding principles of his life were truth and non-violence. He preached the noble doctrine that the means should be as clean as the end.

    Wrong means did not justify the right end. Millions courted imprisonment under his inspiring leadership. His efforts for Indian independence were crowned with success in 1947.

    India was partitioned to his great regret. He died a heroic martyr's death, when he was shot dead by an assassin's bullet.

    Not only India but the whole world was made poorer by his death. Long will he live in the world's history.

    Brief/Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi's Contribution to India in 500 Plus Words in English
    Brief or Short Essay on Mahatma Gandhi's Contribution to India in 500 Plus Words in English
    Who said Mahatma Gandhi to Mahatma? : Rabindranath Tagore

     Mahatma Gandhi lived and died for India. He has been rightly called the Father of the Nation, because under his leadership India achieved freedom.

    His name is respected all over the world. We should never let his memory die. But reverence and respect for Mahatma Gandhi ought not to mean acceptance of all his views.

    That good and honest people can differ with some of Gandhi's views is understandable.

    His greatest co-worker and successor Jawaharlal Nehru disagreed with Mahatma Gandhi on many points.

     Gandhiji opposed the idea of birth control or population control by scientific or medical methods. He advocated self-control or abstention.

    The ideal is lofty, but it is asking too much of human nature. Sex is not meant only for procreation.

    Sex has blossomed into the finest poetry and prose, dance and music, architecture, painting, sculpture and other fine arts.

    Sex has been no doubt in some cases responsible for crimes. But the right response to sex has an ennobling effect on character and it gives sweetness and light to life.

     Mahatma Gandhi renounced all property but he would not allow the Government to acquire in public interest the excessive wealth and property of the richest men whom he called the trustees of the poor.

    Here one may be permitted to differ with the Mahatma. Black money must be confiscated.

     Mahatma Gandhi thought that school and university education bred a slave mentality, whereas the truth is that the builders of modern India, foremost among them being Gandhiji himself, were products of modern education.

    Gandhiji did not also realize or recognize the great services rendered to India by the study of English literature and modern science. His views on such matters are open to question.

     Mahatma Gandhi considered village life as the ideal life. He considered city life an evil. Gandhiji was opposed to machinery.

    But the world cannot, in the present age with its teeming population, dispense with machines. We cannot break up cities into villages.

     Gandhiji believed in and preached the theory of village self-sufficiency. This theory is unpractical and Utopian.

    Indian villagers need salt, sugar, pepper and many other spices. They need cotton and woolen cloth, metal utensils and agricultural tools, pens, pencils, ink, paper, books and newspaper.

    They desire to go in for transistors and radios. Gunny bags, medicines, cycles, kerosene oil, soap, laterns and many other articles which villages generally cannot and do not produce can be supplied to them from the cities only.

    No one will insist that Indian villagers should not supplement their incomes through cottage industries.

    But it is only when many isolated and scattered and economically non-self-sufficient villages unite to form themselves into agro-industrial townships that we can have near self-sufficiency in every locality and population-unit throughout India.

    On all these points Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and many other enlightened Indians strongly differed with Gandhiji.

     All the same, Mahatma Gandhi's services to India and the world are unforgettable.

    His teaching that means should be as fair and above board as the end deserves to be inscribed in letters of gold.

    Equally valuable is his message that all disputes should be settled by negotiation and war should be abolished.

    The doctrine of Satyagraha is one of Gandhiji's greatest gifts to India and to mankind.

    His services in the cause of communal harmony and the abolition of untouchability will ever be remembered by a grateful nation.

    If you read this article or essay carefully, you will get the answers to all the questions given below.

    Who was the father of the nation explain in hundred words?, What is the importance of Mahatma Gandhi?, Why Gandhiji is called Bapu?, How can I write Mahatma Gandhi in English?, Why Mahatma Gandhi is my role model?, How has the life of Mahatma Gandhi influenced you as a student?, What are the principles of Mahatma Gandhi?, How did Mahatma Gandhi actions make a difference?

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