Mahatma Gandhi Essay | English | 1000 Words | Student

Mahatma Gandhi Essay | English | 1000 Words | Student

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1000+ Words Essay On Mahatma Gandhi

Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Date Of Birth: 2nd October, 1869
Place Of Birth: Porbandar District (Kathiawar, Gujarat)
Date Of Death: 30 January, 1948 (At the age of 78)
Father's Name: Karamchand Gandhi
Mother's Name: Putlibai
Wedding Date: 1883, Kasturba Gandhi (Note: Kasturba Gandhi was 4 months older than Mahatma Gandhi)
Name Of The Four Sons Of Mahatma Gandhi: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas
Political Master: Gopal Krishna Gokhle
Major Pupil: Meera Ben (Note: England-born Meera Ben's real name was Madeleine Slade. The name Meera Ben is the name given by Gandhiji)
Essay On Mahatma Gandhi in English in 1000 Words - Mahatma Gandhi is considered the leader and 'Father of the Nation' of the Indian National Movement against British rule.

His full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat. His father's name was Karamchand Gandhi.

Mohandas's mother's name was Putlibai, who was the fourth wife of Karamchand Gandhiji. Mohandas was the last child of his father's fourth wife.

Gandhiji And His Family
Gandhi's mother Putlibai was highly religious. His routine was divided at home and temple. She used to fast regularly and did day and night service to someone in the family when she fell ill.

Mohandas was brought up in the Ramay family in the Vaishnavism and Jainism had a strong influence on him with tough policies. Whose main principle is to believe in non-violence and all things in the world as eternal.

Thus, they naturally adopted non-violence, vegetarianism, fasting for self-purification and mutual tolerance among those who follow different creeds.

Gandhiji As A Student
Mohandas was an average student, although he occasionally won awards and scholarships. He was not sharp both in studies and sports.

He loved serving the ailing father, sharing the mother's hand in household chores, and going on long walks alone when he got time. In his words, he 'learned to obey the elders' command, not to take meek.

His adolescence was no more bustling than most children in his age group. After every such ignorance, he would promise himself, "I will never do this again" and would remain firm on his promise.

He adopted mythological Hindu heroes like Prahlad and Harishchandra as living ideals, symbols of truth and sacrifice.

Gandhiji was married at the age of 13 when he attended school. He was married to Kasturba, daughter of a merchant from Porbandar.

Gandhiji In His Young Age
In 1887, Mohandas somehow passed the matriculation examination of 'Bombay University' and enrolled in 'Samaldas College' at Bhavnagar. Suddenly, going from Gujarati to English language, he started having some difficulty in understanding the lectures. Meanwhile, there was a discussion about his future in his family.

If the decision was left to Gandhiji, he wanted to become a doctor. But there was no permission for tearing in the Vaishnava family.

It was also clear that if he had to follow the family tradition of attaining a high position in a royal family of Gujarat, he would have to become a barrister and Gandhiji would have to go to England.

Even in this way, Gandhi's mind did not seem to have anything special in his 'Samaldas College', so he readily accepted this proposal.

In his young mind, England had the image of 'the land of philosophers and poets, the center of a whole civilization'.

In September 1888 he reached London. 10 days after arriving there, he entered an 'inner temple' in one of the four law colleges in London.

In 1906, the Tanswal government issued a particularly derogatory ordinance for the registration of the Indian public of South Africa.

The Indians organized a protest public meeting under the leadership of Gandhi in Johannesburg in September 1906 and took an oath to violate the ordinance and punish it as a result.

Thus, Satyagraha was born as a new technique, with the technique of fighting uncontrollably and fighting without violence, instead of withstanding pain.

Subsequently, the conflict lasted for more than seven years in South Africa. There were ups and downs, but the small community of Indian minorities under Gandhi's leadership continued to struggle against their powerful opponents.

Hundreds of Indians preferred to sacrifice their livelihood and freedom instead of succumbing to this law.

Also Read : Brief Essay on My, Your and Our Ideal Person Mahatma Gandhi

When Gandhi Returned To India
Gandhi returned to India in 1914. When Mahatma Gandhi returned to India from South Africa, the Indian people were very happy. The countrymen gave him a grand welcome and started calling him Mahatma.

He spent the next four years studying the Indian situation and preparing those who could join him in removing the social and political evils prevalent in India through Satyagraha.

In February 1919, on the British made Rowlatt Act law, under which there was a provision to send any person to jail without trial, they opposed the British.

Then Gandhiji announced the Satyagraha movement. As a result, there was a political earthquake that rocked the entire subcontinent in the spring of 1919.

Inspired by this success, Mahatma Gandhi continued his opposition to satyagraha and non-violence in other campaigns for Indian independence, such as the 'Non-Cooperation Movement', 'Civil Disobedience Movement', 'Dandi Yatra' and 'Quit India Movement'. All these efforts of Gandhiji gave India independence on 15 August 1947.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a prominent political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement.

He gained international fame for his non-violent protest theory for achieving political and social progress. Mahatma Gandhi is not just a name on the world stage but a symbol of peace and non-violence.

Even before Mahatma Gandhi, people knew about peace and non-violence, but the way he forced the British to leave India on the path of Satyagraha, peace and non-violence, there is no other example in world history.

That is why the United Nations has also announced to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti as 'World Non-Violence Day' since the year 2007.

Regarding Gandhi ji, the eminent scientist Einstein had said that - 'Breeds that come after thousands of years will hardly believe that any such person made of bone and flesh ever came to earth.

Mahatma Gandhi (Great Soul) used to say that no work can be done with violence because victory or success is never found in violence.

Mahatma Gandhi fought for a long time for the freedom struggle, his fight was against the British or, say, against the ideology of the British. Their fight was incredible.

Some interesting things about Mahatma Gandhi

Q.1 Where was Bapu i.e. Mahatma Gandhi at the time of independence, 15 August 1947?
A.1 On 15 August 1947, that is, when the country was being partitioned, Mahatma Gandhi is busy in making a treaty of communal leaders in Noakhali in West Bengal.

Q.2 Nathuram Godse killed (Shot Dead) Mahatma Gandhi with which pistol?
A.2 Bergatta Pistol - While Mahatma Gandhi was going to a prayer meeting in Birla temple on Friday, 30 January 1948, Nathuram Godse shot and killed Mahatma Gandhi at 5:17 pm.

The weapon used in the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi was a 9 millimeter automatic Italy-made Bergatta gun with serial number 606 824 and built in 1934 AD.

This gun was given to Nathuram Godse by Gangadhar Dandavate, which he bought from Jagdish Prasad Goyal. An FIR was lodged at Tughlaq Road Police Station in Delhi after the incident.

Major titles of Mahatma Gandhi

Father of the nation
Subhash Chandra Bose - On 4 August 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose said in a broadcast from Rangoon Radio in an emotional appeal - "Father of the nation we wish your blessings and best wishes in this holy liberation war".

C.F. Andrews And Jawaharlal Nehru - Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru used to call Mahatma Gandhi ji as Bapu in a spirit of love.

Malang Baba
By Kabayliyon - Kabali addressed Malang Baba during the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.

One Man Boundary Force
Lord Mountbatten - Giving the title, Lord Mountbatten said that Mahatma Gandhi alone did the work which 50,000 armed soldiers could not do.

Sergeant Major Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
At The Time Of The First World War - The title was given to encourage people to join the army to fight on behalf of the English government.

Half Naked Fakir
Winston Churchill - During his stay in England for the Second Round Table Conference, right-wing leader Winston Churchill first addressed Gandhiji to Half Naked Fakir.

Saint Of Sevagram
By Ashram Guests - Guests were addressed by Gandhi at the ashram when he was impressed by the spirit of service.

Bhangi Shiromani
During The Migration To South Africa

Porter barrister
By The British Magistrate Of South Africa - He was called a coolie barrister by British magistrates and lawyers from South Africa.

By South African colleagues - This title was addressed to him during his stay in South Africa.

Beggar king
By Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya - Gandhiji was addressed by Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya as King of Beggars.

Two Mahatma
Sarojini Naidu - During the Gandhi Irwin Pact, Sarojini Naidu called both of them as two Mahatmas.

At The Time Of The First World War - He was conferred the title of Kaiser-e-Hind on 9 January 1915 to commemorate the aid of the British government during the First World War.

Traitorous fakir
Winston Churchill - Criticizing the British government, Winston Churchill called Mahatma Gandhi a traitor fakir.

FAQs on Mahatma Gandhi

Q.1 When was the Akhil Bhartiya Khadi Board established?
A.1 1923

Q.2 When did Mahatma Gandhi go to England to study law?
A.2 In 1888, From Mumbai

Q.3 When did Gandhiji get a law degree?
A.3 In 1891

Q.4 When did Gandhiji go to South Africa for the trial of Abdullah?
A.4 In 1893

Q.5 When was Natal Congress established in South Africa by Mahatma Gandhi?
A.5 In 1894

Q.6 When was the title of Kaiser-e-Hind given to Gandhiji?
A.6 9 January, 1915

Q.7 When was Phoenix established in the Durban?
A.7 In 1904

Q.8 When was Satyagraha first used?
A.8 In 1906 (In South Africa)

Q.9 When did Gandhiji go to jail for the first time?
A.9 In 1908

Q.10 When was the Tolstoy Form established?
A.10 In 30 May, 1910 (Johannesburg, South Africa)

Q.11 When did Mahatma Gandhi come to India from South Africa?
A.11 In 9 January, 1915 ( SS at Mumbai's Apollo port Sudiv got off the ship)

Q.12 When was Sabarmati Ashram established?
A.12 In 17 June, 1917

Q.13 When did Gandhiji chair the Congress session?
A.13 In 1924 (Belgaum, Karnataka)

Q.14 How many years did Mahatma Gandhi spend in South Africa?
A.14 Twenty Year

Q.15 Autobiography of Gandhiji?
A.15 My experiment with truth (1925)

Q.16 Couple theory of Ram Rajya?
A.16 Truth and non-violence

If you read this article or essay carefully, you will get the answers to all the questions given below.

Who was the father of the nation explain in hundred words?, What is the importance of Mahatma Gandhi?, Why Gandhiji is called Bapu?, How can I write Mahatma Gandhi in English?, Why Mahatma Gandhi is my role model?, How has the life of Mahatma Gandhi influenced you as a student?, What are the principles of Mahatma Gandhi?, How did Mahatma Gandhi actions make a difference?

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