Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA | What is CAB, NRC and CAA

Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA | What is CAB, NRC and CAA

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Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA
Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA
Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA

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Full Form of CAB

Citizenship Amendment Bill
➤ Before becoming law, it is called Citizenship Amendment Bill. After the bill is passed in the Lok Sabha, this bill is sent to the Rajya Sabha to be passed when the CAB is also passed in the Rajya Sabha. So it turns into act so it is called CAA.


Full Form of NRC

National Register of Citizens
➤ The National Register of Citizens i.e. NRC is a register created by the Government of India which contains the names of Indian citizens who are genuine (legitimate) citizens of Assam.

This register was specially created for Assam only. But on 20 November 2014, the Home Minister of India Amit Shah gave a statement in the Parliament that this register will be expanded to the whole of India.

Assam is the first state in India to have a National Register of Citizens (NRC).

Around 3.29 crore applications were submitted in Assam to legally identify as citizens of India, out of which only 1.9 crore people have been nominated.

That means 22 million (2.2 crore) people were called illegal migrants. That is, these people do not have the status of being Indian citizens.(You Are Reading : Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA)

Full Form of CAA

Citizenship Amendment Act
➤ Opposition to the Citizenship Amendment Act, also known as the CAA and NRC protest, opposition to the Citizenship (Amendment) bill and the National Register of Citizens, or CAB and NRC protests, ongoing protests in India against citizenship (amendment). There is a series of demonstrations.

The Act (CAA), which was incorporated into law on 12 December 2019, and was against proposals to create a nationwide National Civil Register (NRC).


Protests began in Assam, Delhi, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Tripura on 6 December 2019. In a few days, protests spread throughout India, although the protesters have different concerns.

Protesters in Assam and other northeastern states generally do not want Indian citizenship granted to any refugee or immigrant, whatever their religion, as they fear it will change the demographic balance of the region, resulting in their political There will be loss of rights, culture and land.

They are worried that it will induce more migration from Bangladesh as well as violate the Assam Accord, a former agreement with the central government on migrants and refugees.

In other parts of India, protesters see the new law as discriminatory against Muslims and is unconstitutional; They believe that the amendment should be repealed.

They are concerned that Muslim citizens of India will be targeted by authorities, and many will be stateless by the CAA in combination with the proposed nationwide NRC.


Earlier, Union Home Minister Amit Shah had said that CAA ould come first and then NRC. Students have also protested against totalitarianism, police action in other universities and suppression of protests.

The amendment only benefits Hindus, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists, Christians and Parsi refugees from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh, who sought asylum in India before 2015, but excluded Muslims and others from these countries , And refugees from other countries, who will remain illegal foreigners.

The excluded refugees are Tamil Hindu refugees from Sri Lanka, Rohingya Muslims and Hindu refugees from Myanmar, and Buddhist refugees from Tibet.

Protests started in Assam on 4 December 2019 after the bill was introduced in Parliament. Later, protests began in Northeast India, and later spread to major cities in India.

On 15 December, a large protest took place near Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi and Aligarh Muslim University.


Private and public property was dispersed during the protests. Police forcibly entered Jamia's campus, used batons and tear gas on the students and injured more than 200 students and around 100 were kept in custody at the police station overnight.


A spokesman for the protesters alleged that it was a police arson. The police action was widely criticized, and students across the country protested with solidarity. (You Are Reading : Full Form of CAB, NRC and CAA)

The protests resulted in thousands of arrests and 27 deaths as of 27 December 2019. Two 17-year-olds were among the minors who died in Assam due to police shelling on protesters.

On 19 December, the police imposed a complete ban on protests in many parts of India. As a result of defying the ban, thousands of protesters were detained.


So far, at least seven states have announced that they will not implement the Act or the National Civil Register (NRC).


While five states and two union territories have refused to implement the CAA, two other states have only rejected the implementation of the NRC.


However, the Union Home Ministry said that the states lacked the legal power to stop the implementation of the Citizenship Amendment Act.


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