Brief History of The Ten Gurus of Sikhs

Brief History of The Ten Gurus of Sikhs

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Brief History of The Ten Gurus of Sikh


The names of the ten Gurus of the Sikhs are given below.


Guru Nanak Dev

Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism, was born on 15 April 1469 at a place called Talwandi. After his birth, Talwandi was renamed as Nankana. Presently this place is located in Pakistan. Nanak established a city called Kartarpur which now exists in Pakistan. This is the place where Guru Nanak died in 1539.


Guru Angad Dev

The second Guru of the Sikhs is Guru Angad Dev. Guru Nanak Dev chose his two sons to make Angad Dev Ji his successor. He was born on 31 March 1504 in Ferozepur, Punjab. People also recognize Guru Angad Dev by the name of Lahina. Let us tell, Angad Dev ji is the originator of the Punjabi script Gurmukhi. After living with Guru Nanak Dev for almost 7 years, he took the throne of the Sikh Panth. Guru Angad Dev Ji introduced the langar system, away from caste and caste distinctions.


Guru Amar Das

Guru Amar Das became the third Guru of the Sikhs after Guru Angad Dev. He had contributed significantly to the elimination of many evil practices of the society like caste system, high-caste, sati system. At the age of 61, Guru Amar Das Ji made Guru Angad Dev Ji his Guru and served him for almost 11 years. Seeing his service and dedication, Guru Angad Dev ji handed him the Gurugaddi. They promoted interracial marriages and allowed widows to remarry.

Guru Ramdas

Guru Ramdas became the fourth Guru of the Sikhs after Guru Amardas. He was the son-in-law of Amardas, the third Guru of the Sikhs. He was born in Lahore. Seeing the humility and obedience of Guru Ramdas, Guru Amardas ji married his younger daughter. They started in 1577 AD. A city named Amrit Sarovar was established in the city, which later became famous as Amritsar.

Guru Arjun Dev

Guru Arjun Dev became the 5th Guru of the Sikhs. He was born on April 15, 1563. He was the son of Ramdas, the fourth guru of Sikhism. 1581 AD Who assumed the throne in The sacrifice of Arjuna Dev, the 5th Guru of the Sikhs, is considered the greatest. He built Amrit Sarovar and got Harmandir Saheb (Golden Temple) constructed.

Guru Hargobind Singh

Guru Hargovind Singh was the sixth Guru of the Sikhs. He was the son of Arjun Dev, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Hargobind Singh inspired Sikhs to take up arms training. He was also a revolutionary warrior himself.

Guru Har Rai

Guru Har Rai was the 7th Guru of the Sikhs. He was born 16 January 1630 AD. Guru Har Rai Ji, the sixth Guru of Sikhism, was the younger son of Baba Gurdita ji. Guru Harai helped Dara Shikoh, the brother of the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb, in the rebellion.

Guru Harkishan Sahib

The eighth Guru of the Sikhs is named Harikishan Sahib. He was born on 7 July 1656 in Kiratpur Saheb. He got the throne at a very young age. Guru Sahib instructed all the people that no man would cry on his death.

Guru Teg Bahadur Singh

Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh was born on 18 April 1621 in Amritsar Nagar, Punjab. He was the ninth Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh sacrificed his life to protect religion and religious freedom. Due to which they are also called Hind Chadar. Indeed, in his time, the Mughal rulers were forcibly occupying the people and converting them. Due to this, Kashmiri Pandits reached out to Guru Tegh Bahadur for help.

He told the pundits that you go and tell Aurangzeb that if Guru Tegh Bahadur embraces Islam, all of them will also convert to Islam. Aurangzeb accepted it and if Guru Tegh Bahadur ji did not agree, he beheaded and hung Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji's head in Delhi's Chandni Chowk. In this way, he sacrificed on 24 November 1675 to protect religion.


Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh is considered to be the tenth and last Guru of the Sikhs. He was born 22 December 1666 AD. He was the son of the ninth Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji. He got Gurugaddi at the age of 9. The country was ruled by the Mughals at the time of Guru Gobind Singh's birth. He took a sword in his hand to avenge his father. Later Guru Gobind Singh abolished the Guru system and accepted the Guru Granth Sahib as the only Guru.