Adolf Hitler Biography

Adolf Hitler Biography

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf_Hitler_Photo

One who never turned his back but
march breast forward,
Never doubted clouds would break,
Never dreamed,
Though right were worsted, wrong would triumph.
―Robert Browning

No one in the twentieth century influenced the course of history so deeply as Hitler did, although this is an adverse effect. Adolf Hitler or Der Furhrer (German : 'The leader') assumed the twin titles of Fuhrer and Chancellor on August 2, 1934. Germany which emerged from the World War I as a weak, defeated and humiliated country, however, within years of Hitler's coming to power, became the strongest nation of Europe. By his blind policies of conquest, Hitler pushed the world into World War II, in which five million people lost their lives.

Adolf Hitler, the dictator of Nazi Germany, was born on April 20, 1889, at Braunan am Inn, Austria-Hungary. Hitler spent most of his childhood in Linz. This Linz falls in Upper Austria. He received a secondary education and, although he had a poor record at school and failed to secure the usual certificate. His ambition was to become an artist, but he twice failed to secure entry to the Academy of Fine Arts. In fact, Hitler was a lonely frustrated artist who earned his living by painting postcards and advertisements and drifting from one municipal lodging house to another.

Hitler was characterized by certain traits, i.e,. Inability to establish normal human relationships; Intolerance and hatred both from the established bourgeois world and from non-German people, especially Jews; Readiness to live in a world of imagination to escape its poverty and failure.
In 1914, he joined the army and fought bravely during the war, and while serving in the German army during World War I, he was wounded (1916) and gassed, two years later. For his bravery, he was rewarded with Iron Cross, (Second and First Class) in August 1918. Hitler greeted the war with enthusiasm, and as a great relief from the frustration of civilian life. He established a profoundly satisfactory establishment of comradeship, discipline, and participation in conflict, and his belief in authoritarianism, inequality, and the heroic virtues of war were confirmed.

Hittler began his political career as an army political agent in the German Worker's Party in 1919, which he changed into Nationalist Socialist German Worker's Party, in short Nazi Party And became the head of its promotion in 1920. Hitler was soon made president of the party and then began his creation of a mass movement and his climb to power. His private army was called the Storm Troopers.

According to Hittler, the greatest enemy of Nazism was not liberal democracy but Marxism (which for him embraced social democracy as well as communism), and behind Marxism he saw the greatest enemy of all, the Jews, who were for Hitler the very incarnation of evil, a mythical figure into which he projected all that he feared and hated. In 1923, Hitler was arrested and jailed. In the jail, he wrote his famous autobiography named Main Kamph (My Struggle). After his release from the Jain, he re-organised the Nazi Party. In fact, throughout the 1920s, Hitler continued to gain strength; he unsuccessfully opposed Paul Von Hindenburg in the presidential election of 1932 and through a conspiracy, Hitler got himself appointed as Chancellor of Germany on January 30, 1933, by the President Hindenburg. The offices of Chancellor and President were merged in 1934, a move that was supported by a plebiscite. Hitler soon became a dictator.

In 1936, Hitler, recaptured Rhineland from France. In March 1938, German forces occupied Vienna in a dramatic manner and Austria was forcibly united with Germany. Similarly, in March 1939, German forces captured Czechoslovakia and on September 1, 1939, German forces attacked Poland and World War II started.

As dictator, Hitler turned his attention to foreign policy and World War II (1939-45). His 'new order' for Europe called for indiscriminate extermination of many people. Hitler wanted to remove what he called all 'non-Aryan' people from his new German state, to ensure racial purity. He aiamed to a exterminate all gypsies and jews. The Jews of Europe were the most numerous among victims of this barbarism. In this Holocaust, 5.7 million Jewish men, women and children died. In the beginning, Hitler tasted success but when he attacked Soviet Russia in 1941, he met with very strong resistance. Russian forces drove back German armies to Berlin.

Thereafter, Hitler was increasingly ill and fatigued; but he did not lose control over the Nazi party and continued to exercise an almost hypnotic to the west, to direct an offensive in the Ardennes, for which the last reserves of manpower were mobilized. When it failed, his hopes for victory became even more visionary, based on the use of new weapons or the breakup of the grand alliance after the death or Roosevelt. Far from trying to save what could be rescued from defeat, Hitler ordered mass material destruction and condemned his armies to death by refusing to allow them to surrender. In 1945, Hitler retreated to the Chancellery in Berlin and in the face of impending defeat, committed suicide.

By the time Hitler was defeated, he had broken down the whole structure of the world in which he lived and inaugurated a new era with even greater potentialities of power and destruction. In 1933, he established an organization known as the 'German Hitler Jugend' or 'Hitler Youth' to educate and train male youth in Nazi principles and in 1936, it became a state agency in which all youth ' The Aryans' Germans were expected to join. Hitler, the dictator was responsible for unprecedented bloodshed in the history of warfare, but otherwise he was a man of simple habits. He was a pure vegetarian, did not smoke, loved children and was fond of animals.